In the past, anyone who belonged to a different nationality or citizenship and resided in a country other than their own was considered a foreigner.
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In the past, the perception of who was considered a foreigner varied across different regions and time periods. Generally, individuals who belonged to a different nationality or citizenship and resided in a country other than their own were regarded as foreigners. However, it is important to note that the understanding of foreigners has evolved over time with shifting cultural, political, and economic contexts.
During ancient times, city-states and empires often viewed people from outside their borders as foreigners. The Greeks, for example, labeled non-Greeks as “barbarians.” In ancient Rome, those who were not Roman citizens were classified as aliens or peregrini. These classifications acted as social and legal distinctions, limiting certain rights and privileges.
As civilizations expanded and established colonies, the concept of foreigners became more complex. European colonialism, particularly during the 15th to 20th centuries, played a significant role in shaping notions of foreigners. Native populations in colonized territories were often considered foreigners in their own lands, as colonizers imposed their cultural, legal, and political systems. This can be observed in the empires of European powers such as Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal.
Throughout history, there have been notable voices discussing the notion of foreigners. For instance, Nelson Mandela, the former President of South Africa, emphasized the importance of embracing diversity and breaking down the barriers that separate people:
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”
Here are some interesting facts regarding the concept of foreigners:
- The word “foreigner” comes from the Latin term “forensis,” meaning “of or pertaining to the outside.”
- The Chinese term for foreigner, “laowai,” translates to “old outsider.”
- In some ancient civilizations, foreigners were seen as potential threats or enemies, leading to their exclusion or subjugation.
- The rise of globalization has challenged traditional notions of foreigners, as people now frequently travel, migrate, and integrate into societies different from their own.
- In some countries, becoming a citizen or obtaining permanent residency can change an individual’s status from a foreigner to a legal resident.
While this table is not necessary for conveying the information, here’s an example:
|Notable Historical Figures||Quotes|
|Nelson Mandela||“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.”|
|Confucius||“He who learns but does not think is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.”|
|Marcus Aurelius||“The best revenge is to be unlike him who performed the injury.”|
It is important to recognize that the concept of foreigners is shaped by social, cultural, and historical factors, and its understanding continues to evolve in the present day.
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Any strangerAnswer: Any stranger who appeared say in a given village, someone who was not a part of that society or culture was considered a ‘foreigner’ in the past.
In the past, any stranger who was not a part of that society or culture was considered a "foreigner". This could include people from different parts of the world, or even from different regions within the same country. For example, a city-dweller might have regarded a forest-dweller as a foreigner. In some villages, people belonging to the same town, despite their different religious or caste backgrounds, were considered foreigners.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 1 Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years. 1. Who was considered a "foreigner" in the past? Answer Any stranger who was not a part of that society or culture was considered a "foreigner" in the past. A city-dweller, therefore, might have regarded a forest-dweller as a "foreigner". 2.
Who was considered a “foreigner” in the past? Answer: According to the medieval period, any stranger who did not belong to a certain society or culture and was not a part of that particular village was regarded as a foreigner. For example, a city-dweller, therefore, might have regarded a forest-dweller as a foreigner.
- In the past a foreigner was someone who was not part of a certain society or culture.
- A city dweller might have regarded a forest dweller as a foreigner.
In the past, any stranger or a new person who did not belong to a village or someone who was not a part of that society or culture was considered a ‘foreigner.’ In some villages, people belonging to the same town, despite their different religious or caste backgrounds, were considered foreigners.
In the past, the term "foreigner" was used to describe anyone who was not from the same country or region as the people who were using the term. This meant that people who came from different parts of the world, or even from different regions within the same country, could be considered foreigners by those who lived in a different area.
The term ‘foreigner’ is used in the sense of a person who is not an Indian. In the medieval period it was applied to any stranger who appeared, say in a given village, someone who was not a part of that society or culture. In this sense a forest – dweller was a foreigner for a city – dweller. But two peasants living in the same village were not foreigners to each other, even though they may have had different religious or caste backgrounds.