The atom with the greatest attraction is the atom with the highest electronegativity value. Electronegativity measures an atom’s ability to attract electrons towards itself in a chemical bond.
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When considering the atom with the greatest attraction, it is important to understand the concept of electronegativity. Electronegativity refers to an atom’s ability to attract electrons towards itself in a chemical bond. Therefore, the atom with the highest electronegativity value will have the greatest attraction.
One of the most widely used scales to determine electronegativity is the Pauling scale, which was developed by Linus Pauling, a renowned American chemist. In his words, “Electronegativity is the power of an atom in a molecule to attract electrons to itself.”
Here are some interesting facts about electronegativity and the atoms with high electronegativity values:
Fluorine (F) has the highest electronegativity value on the Pauling scale with a value of 3.98. This makes it the most electronegative element.
On the other hand, elements like cesium (Cs) and francium (Fr) have the lowest electronegativity values, indicating their lower ability to attract electrons.
Oxygen (O) is highly electronegative with a value of 3.44, making it one of the most electronegative elements after fluorine.
The electronegativity values generally increase from left to right across a period in the periodic table. This means that elements on the right side of the periodic table tend to have higher electronegativity values.
In terms of groups in the periodic table, electronegativity generally decreases down a group. For example, electronegativity decreases as you move from top to bottom within the halogens (Group 17).
To further illustrate the electronegativity values, here is a simplified table showcasing the electronegativity values of selected elements:
In summary, the atom with the highest electronegativity value possesses the greatest attraction for electrons. This understanding of electronegativity helps chemists and scientists predict and describe the nature of chemical bonding and the behavior of atoms in various compounds.
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Explanation: Fluorine has the greatest attraction for electrons in any bond that it forms. The attraction of an atom for shared electrons is called its electronegativity.
Which atom has the greatest attraction for the electrons in a chemical bond?
- (1) hydrogen
- (2) oxygen
- (3) silicon
- (4) sulfur
- Answer: 2-Oxygen is the correct answer. Electronegativity is a scale that measures an atom’s attraction towards an electron.
- Also, on the reference table, Table S, lists all of the electronegativies for all the elements.
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See the answer to “Which atom has the greatest attraction?” in this video
The video discusses the challenges of visualizing atomic orbitals and proposes a 3D visual representation of electron wavefunctions to accurately capture patterns in the orbitals. The creator also presents a MinutePhysics-approved cartoon representation of the atom based on the three “P” orbitals for a basic understanding. The rainbow colors in the 3D visuals represent the phase of the wavefunction, and the video is sponsored by Google, with a mention of how the company can assist individuals and small businesses. The creator thanks Google for making it easy to convert centimeters to inches and helping people find relevant information for their work.