Tourism can be defined as a driver of economic growth and development of a country because it brings in foreign exchange, creates job opportunities, and stimulates infrastructure development. By attracting visitors, tourism generates revenue that can be reinvested in various sectors, leading to overall economic growth and improvement in the standard of living for local communities.
Comprehensive answer to the question
Tourism can be defined as a powerful driver of economic growth and development for a country due to its various positive impacts. Here’s a detailed answer explaining why tourism is considered such:
Foreign Exchange: Tourism brings in foreign exchange through expenditure by international visitors. This infusion of foreign currency can boost a country’s balance of payments and strengthen its economy. According to the World Travel & Tourism Council, the global tourism industry generated over USD 8.8 trillion in 2019.
Job Creation: Tourism creates numerous job opportunities, both directly and indirectly. Directly, it employs people in sectors such as hospitality, transport, and tour guiding. Indirectly, it stimulates employment in related industries like agriculture, handicrafts, and entertainment. The United Nations World Tourism Organization estimates that tourism supports one in ten jobs worldwide.
Infrastructure Development: The growth of tourism often necessitates the development of infrastructure such as airports, roads, hotels, and resorts. These infrastructure projects not only cater to tourists but also benefit the local population by enhancing connectivity and improving living standards. A well-known example is the development of Dubai’s world-class infrastructure, which positioned it as a global tourism hub.
Regional Development: Tourism plays a crucial role in promoting regional development, particularly in less economically developed areas. When tourists visit these regions, it stimulates investment and economic activities, encouraging the growth of local businesses. This reduces regional income disparities and contributes to overall development and inclusive growth.
Cultural Exchange and Preservation: Tourism promotes cultural exchange by bringing together people from different backgrounds, fostering mutual understanding and respect. Additionally, tourism encourages the preservation of cultural heritage sites, indigenous practices, and traditional arts and crafts. This ensures the safeguarding of intangible cultural values and contributes to cultural sustainability.
To further emphasize the significance of tourism as an economic driver, let’s incorporate a quote:
“The tourism industry is, in my view, one of the most significant economic sectors in the world. It embodies cross-border cooperation, cultural exchange, and economic growth.” – Zurab Pololikashvili, Secretary-General of the United Nations World Tourism Organization.
Here are some interesting facts related to the topic:
- In 2019, international tourist arrivals reached 1.5 billion, a 4% increase from the previous year (World Tourism Organization).
- Tourism accounts for around 10.4% of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (World Travel & Tourism Council).
- The Asia-Pacific region is the most visited region globally, followed by Europe and the Americas (World Tourism Organization).
- Adventure tourism, including activities like hiking, safaris, and diving, is one of the fastest-growing tourism segments (Adventure Travel Trade Association).
- In many countries, tourism is one of the primary sources of foreign exchange earnings, surpassing sectors like agriculture and manufacturing.
Table: Economic Benefits of Tourism
|Foreign Exchange||Tourism brings in foreign currency and strengthens economies.|
|Job Creation||Tourism generates direct and indirect employment opportunities.|
|Infrastructure Development||Tourism necessitates the development of infrastructure.|
|Regional Development||Tourism promotes economic development in less-developed regions.|
|Cultural Exchange & Preservation||Tourism fosters cultural exchange and preservation.|
In summary, tourism’s ability to generate foreign exchange, create employment, stimulate infrastructure development, and foster regional development and cultural preservation makes it a potent driver of economic growth for a country. As Zurab Pololikashvili stated, it encompasses elements of cooperation, exchange, and growth.
See related video
The video discusses the role of tourism in economic development, highlighting both the benefits and drawbacks. Tourism is a multi-trillion dollar industry that can contribute to a country’s GDP and employment. However, there are debates about its impact on social and economic factors. It is argued that tourism has a high income elasticity of demand, meaning that as people’s incomes rise, their demand for travel also increases. There has also been an expansion of “south-south tourism,” where people from emerging countries visit other developing nations. However, the debate around tourism focuses on inclusivity and sustainability, ensuring that benefits are spread widely and natural capital is not adversely impacted. Despite potential drawbacks such as poor working conditions and profits flowing out of the country, the World Bank argues that tourism can stimulate sustained growth, create better jobs, promote regional development, protect cultural heritage, increase labor force participation, and improve infrastructure. Overall, tourism can have a positive role in economic growth and development, but careful consideration is necessary to mitigate its potential negative effects.
Check out the other answers I found
Tourism is a significant driver of economic and social development. It stimulates economic growth by generating income, employment, investment and exports.